International Journal of Food Nutrition and Safety
ISSN: 2165-896X (online)Search Article(s) by:
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Current Issue: Vol. 15 No. 1or Keyword in Title:
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Table of Content for Vol. 15 No. 1, 2024

Trends of Hunger and Food Insecurity over IGAD Region of Eastern Africa
Paulino Omoj Omay, Nzioka J. Muthama, Christopher Oludhe, Josiah M. Kinama1, Guleid Artan and Zachary Atheru
 PP. 1 - 21
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ABSTRACT: Food security is interdisciplinary; therefore, multiple socioeconomic, climatic, and other environmental indicators must be considered in assessing hunger and food insecurity trends. We employed the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), which is a publicly accessible database known as FAOSTAT. Descriptive and analytical statistics were used to assess the trends in extreme events. Food security components, hunger, and food insecurity are the main objectives of this paper. The trends of protein supply, supply of protein of animal origin, and dietary energy supply adequacy show direct effects of drought that are driven by changes in rainfall onset, cessation, wet/dry days, and spells on food availability. Ethiopia, Kenya, Djibouti, and Uganda showed improvements in GDP as indicators of food access. Food utilization indicators showed improved water and sanitation services, an increase in obesity in adults, a decrease in the percentage of children overweight, and anemia among women. The number of people undernourished and the percentage of undernourishment, the number of moderately and severely food insecure people, and the percentage of people insecure increased in recent years, especially during the 2021–2022 drought. Although the percentage of undernourishment in Somalia fell from 60% in 2013 to 47% in 2022, the country is still recording the highest percentage in the IGAD region. The percentage of undernourishment never came down below 20% over Kenya and Uganda, while Sudan recorded the lowest percentage of undernourishment( below 11%) since 2013. The findings of this study offer specific insights on the observed status of hunger and food insecurity; therefore, countries are required to invest heavily in food production, verities of income, food system infrastructure, and consumption.

Bacteriological Safety of Some Traditional Dairy Products in Selected Local Government Areas of Zamfara State, Nigeria
Mohammed Ibrahim Ribah and Abdullahi Umar
 PP. 22 - 36
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ABSTRACT: This study assessed the bacteriological safety of fresh milk, fermented milk and butter in Talata Mafara, Maradun and Bakura local government areas, Zamfara state. A total of thirty (30) milk samples were collected under optimum hygienic conditions and subjected to standard microbiological analysis. Biochemical tests were conducted to identify bacteria present in the samples. Bacterial counts from the samples were interpreted and expressed as cfu/ml. Results of total bacterial count indicated that there was no significant differences (P>0.05) between the milk products as far as bacterial load is concerned. However, bacterial load showed that Fresh milk had higher log (21.43x10-5) followed by fermented milk log (17.10x10-5) and butter had the least bacterial load with log (11.54x10-5). The prevalence results indicated that fifty six (56) bacteria isolates were isolated and identified from all milk products samples. The most prevalence bacteria were Staphylococcus aureus (23.2%), Bacillus lentus (16.1%), Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus megaterium with 10.7% each and Escherichia coli (7.1%). It was concluded that the presence of Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus is an indication that there could be risk of consuming milk from the study area due to hygiene issues and that personnel hygiene practices in milk production in the study area was insufficient.