International Journal of Traditional and Natural Medicines
ISSN: 2167-1141 (online)Search Article(s) by:
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Current Issue: Vol. 8 No. 1or Keyword in Title:
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Table of Content for Vol. 8 No. 1, 2018

Near Infrared Spectroscopy Evaluation and Regional Analysis of Chinese Pogostemon cablin and Agastache rugosa
Hong-ning Zhao, Sheng-guo Ji
 PP. 1 - 12
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ABSTRACT: Pogostemon cablin (Blanco) Benth. and Agastache rugosa(Fisch. et Mey.) O. Ktze., are commonly used traditional Chinese medicines. They belong to the family Lamiaceae and have very similar macroscopical features, which makes it difficult to differentiate them. In this study, the use of near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy combined with chemometrics as a rapid and non-destructive tool for the discrimination of P. cablin from different origins has been preliminarily investigated. NIR spectra were collected in transmission mode in the wavelength range of 4000-12000cm-1. Discriminant models were developed by principal component analysis (PCA) and cluster analysis (CA). The results showed that good classification could be obtained after spectral pre-treatment. The percentage of samples correctly classified by PCA methods in calibration and validation set was 99.9%. The results demonstrated that NIR could be used as a simple and rapid technique to distinguish P. Cablin from none-P. Cablin and A. Rugosa. To further validate the ability of NIR spectroscopy, more samples should be incorporated to build a more robust model.

Extractive Value and Phytochemical Screening of Ginger (zingiber officinale) and Turmeric (curcuma longa) Using Different Solvents
Jacob Olalekan Arawande, Akinyinka Akinnusotu, Jacob Olabode Alademeyin
 PP. 13 - 22
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ABSTRACT: Ginger and turmeric were obtained from local farms located along Laje Road, Ondo-City, Ondo State. The rhizomes of the plants were cut, sundried, ground and sieved. The powdered samples were separately extracted with water, chloroform, acetone, ethylacetate and ethanol. The percentage yield of each extract in each of the solvent was calculated and each extract was qualitatively screened for flavonoids, tannin, reducing sugar, volatile oil, resin, chalcone, balsam, amino acid, acid test, phlobatannin, saponins and vitamin C. The result showed that the extractive value of ginger using water, ethylacetate, ethanol, acetone and chloroform were 16.62??0.05%, 11.98??0.02%, 13.88??0.04%, 10.14??0.05% and 10.18??0.01% respectively while the extractive value of turmeric using water, ethylacetate, ethanol, acetone and chloroform were 3.30??0.02%, 13.34??0.08%, 15.24??0.10%, 12.50??0.07% and 7.48??0.03% respectively. There is significant difference at P ??? 0.05 in all the solvents??? extractive values for ginger and turmeric. It was observed that volatile oil and vitamin C were present in all the solvent extracts. Ethanol, chloroform and ethylacetate were able to extract more phytochemicals in turmeric than water and acetone. While ethanol, water and acetone were more effective in extracting phytochemicals from ginger than chloroform and ethylacetate. The extractable bioactive ingredients from plant material is primarily dependent on the type of solvent used for extraction.

Ayurvedic Opportunities for Restoration of Skin Health
Acharya Balkrishna and Laxminarain Misra
 PP. 23 - 75
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ABSTRACT: In Ayurveda, there is description of a number of herbs having properties of promoting and maintaining the skin health. There are numerous forms of skin diseases affecting all ages of life through number of ways. Skin is affected by its own disease and sometimes even by the diseases of other organs of the body, including cancer, herpes, liver disorder, parasitic diseases, etc. In normal course, the skin diseases range from dermatosis, eczema, scabies, leucoderma, itching, boils to eruptions. Ayurveda is manifested with a record of plants which show positive effects in treating the skin related problems. In the present review, it has been attempted to briefly discuss the botanical aspects of these plants and describe their method of application as depicted in Ayurveda in the treatment of various skin diseases. Scientific evidences have been included in case of some of the important plants. The major chemical components of these plants have also been discussed.

Strategies for Utilization of Wound Healing Herbals in and around Mayiladuthurai, Nagapptinam District
Kaliyamoorthy Jayakumar and M. Vinoth
 PP. 76 - 89
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ABSTRACT: The present investigation deals with utilization of wound healing herbals in and around Mayiladuthurai, Nagapptinam district. Wound is very critical problem in human beings; the healing is a process of restoring normal structure functions of damaged tissue. The damage of tissues irritated to the wound healers. Medicinal plants have been used as traditional treatment for thousands of years in India. It is used for several medicinal plants cure various types wounds in the internal and external application.