International Journal of Modern Social Sciences
ISSN: 2169-9917 (online)Search Article(s) by:
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Current Issue: Vol. 7 No. 1or Keyword in Title:
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Table of Content for Vol. 7 No. 1, 2018

Supervisor Support, Co-Worker Support and Employee Retention: Developing and Testing of an Integrative Model
Muhammad Faisal Malik, Shazia Akhtar, and Imran Ghafoor
 PP. 1 - 24
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ABSTRACT: The scope of the current study is to investigate the impact of supervisor and co-worker support on the employee retention with mediating role of employee creativity and psychological empowerment. The unit of analysis for the study is individuals employed in service sector organizations of Pakistan. Total response rate of the data collection is 63%. Sample size is 378 employees of service industries. Sampling technique is convenience based and data collection method is cross-sectional. The study has its originality as an integrative model formulated with the combination of these variables has not been tested earlier specifically in service industry of Pakistan. Results of the study indicate that the support extended by the supervisor has a significant and direct relationship with employee retention with effective mediating role of psychological empowerment whereas employee creativity was not found to have any significant relationship with either of the independent variables. The Sample size is considered as a limitation. However the study revealed that organizations should encourage supervisor support and ensure formulation and implementation of employee concerned policies and procedures which will resultantly assist in employee retention. The study has its practical significance for policy makers, managers, supervisors and employees at all levels.

Mathematical Physical Social Sciences and Three Dimensional Truth-Goodness-Beauty Ideal Society and Life
Yi-Fang Chang
 PP. 25 - 36
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ABSTRACT: First, mathematical physical social sciences are investigated. Next, we research nonlinear theories of social sciences and qualitative analysis method. Further, we propose truth, goodness and beauty as three dimensions of ideal society and life, and research their mathematics, calculus and colors. Finally, religion, science, civilization and their relations, etc., are discussed. Pursuing truth, goodness and beauty will guide that human tend to a fine noble ideal society.

Research on the Effect of Network Group Behaviour on Social Stability in the Framework of Entropy Theory
Bei-Da Tian, Xiang-Bin Yan
 PP. 37 - 50
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ABSTRACT: In this paper, we describe an application of entropy theory in the analysis of network group behavior. First, the concept of network group behavior is defined to extend entropy theory from the scope of physics to sociology. Then, we apply entropy theory using the entropy balance equation, the theorem of minimum entropy production, and the theory of dissipative structures, to investigate the causes of social disorder. Finally, a description of the application of entropy theory in network group behavior is given, and we suggest reasonable measures to minimize the impact of group behavior so that the community can develop in an orderly progression.

Evaluation of Ecotourism and Public Awareness in Badagry and Ibeju-Lekki Local Government Areas of Lagos State, Nigeria
Ayo-Dada, O.B, Fola-Matthews, O.O and Bello, M.M
 PP. 51 - 59
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ABSTRACT: The preservation and continuous wise use of marine environment starts from creating awareness among every tourist of the need to participate in the protection and preservation of all living marine resources. The objectives and conditions for tourism to be used as a positive conservation tool is by increasing the awareness of coastal ecotourism; the beach tourism. It is imperative to develop a passion for the sea among tourists that participate in coastal ecotourism. Creating a checklist of visitors??? flow of visits, pattern of visits and objects of attraction to the site along with activities that most interest them at each visit. This will enhance sustainable marine resource conservation in South West, Nigeria. This study was designed to investigate the flow of visitors to two beaches in Lagos- Nigeria. A total of 75 respondents as visitors to two local government areas- Ibeju-lekki and Badagry Local Government Areas (Eleko beach and Badagry beach respectively). Results obtained have indicated that fisheries ecotourism is well known by most visitors to these two beaches. There is therefore a resultant relationship between the mode of awareness of visitors and their previous knowledge. However, it was observed that these visitors??? pattern of visit does not define their mode of awareness.

Gender Participation in Domestic Water Collection and Implications of Water Scarcity on Livelihoods at Ngh???ambi and Chunyu Villages in Mpwapwa District, Tanzania
Chaeka Semango Mwesongo
 PP. 60 - 75
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ABSTRACT: This study explores gender participation in domestic water collection and the implications of water scarcity on women livelihoods in Ng???hambi and Chunyu villages in Mpwapwa district. Data for the study were collected from 100 randomly selected households using questionnaire survey, focus group discussions and key informant interviews. The analysis of data was conducted using statistical package for social science and content analysis. Findings showed that, domestic water collection was a responsibility of women being assisted by their daughters and to less extent boys and men. Men participated in water fetching in cases where the household had no female member and/or for business purpose. Water scarcity declined women???s livelihoods due to long time spent to search water from distant sources. This situation deprived women opportunity to participate in income generating activities. The quality of water was unsafe while the quantity was little leading to water borne diseases to the community due to compromise basic sanitations. Water scarcity was also resulted to low school attendance especially to female pupils because they assisted their mothers to fetch water. It was concluded that, domestic water collection in Ng???hambi and Chunyu villages is the responsibility of women with assistance of their daughters. Water scarcity contributed to occurrence of diseases due to poor quality and small quantity which was insufficient to meet sanitation requirements. Collecting water from distant sources and diseases attributed by water scarcity resulted to poverty because the time used for water collection could otherwise be used in economic activities. To ensure mutual cooperation between men and women in domestic water collection, the study recommends awareness raising to rural men in order to change mindset and consider gender equality in water collection. The study also recommends government and village community to construct improved wells in the villages to ensure access to safe and clean water.